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After downloading any software for your decoder, use computer PC to unzip it and move the main software to the USB flash driver that you will be using to update your strong satellite TV receiver.
Here are links to download software for some common decoders;

Plug in your USB Flash driver to your strong satellite TV Receiver.
Press Menu button using your remote control and then navigate to down to USB and then to the DATA TRANSFER.
Locate the Strong TV receiver software and press OK. (MENU >>>USB-DATA TRANSFER>>>YOUR SOFTWARE>>>OK)

Allow it to finish and restart and you are done.

Note: In case if any of those software above is not working on your strong decoder,(this is very unlikely) you can manually enter the biss keys that will open tv3 on your strong decoders as follows:

  1. For strong 4922a and older; Dial 8282 on the decoder and then enter the following biss keys: 9E 37 79 4E B9 7F 4A 82

  2. Key for SRT4950, 4950M & 4950H.
    Press F1 8280
    Go to slot number 86 (or teh right slot showing TV3: 12525 V 30000)
    then edit the key as per below:

No. 86
Prov ID”: 00 1F FF
Index: 1C
Key: 9E 37 79 4E B9 7F 4A 82.


Please download the already extracted software, copy it to your virus free USB flash drive, located where you can perform a usb upgrade on your mutitv decoder, and you are good to go.

Download for CA PLUS SERIES 2: YH_CP07_V216_20140617_100…S.bin.img
Download for MULTI TV HD: YH_A3L_TFCA_V204_20140618….lzma.img


Add the freq 12525 under the biss key menu Of your qsat.

Go to xcam setup. Open patch . u Will see biss key edit it or add frequency 12522.
Key: 9E 37 79 4E B9 7F 4A 82

For the latest decoder 4955, download the latest software version 1.72p dated June 10 2016 to SRT 4955, then press F1 8280 and go to BISS page then scroll to slot 106 (TV3) and edit the parameters (frequency,…) by pressing SAT key as showing below in the red marked line. Then go to “OK” by pressing Channel up or down and press OK
4955 decoder

This happens to be my first post in 2016. It comes a bit late, but certainly loaded with vital information that would be of great value to all satellite installers and sports and entertainment enthusiasts.

Today, I endeavour to detail the meaning of PowerVu as an encryption system, and how premium channels scrambled with PowerVu can be tracked and watched. Some of these PowerVu packages actually do show premium sports and entertainment channels obtainable at various orbits.

PowerVu, also known as PV, is an ultra-secure encryption accessed through professional grade receivers made by Scientific Atlanta. s-l225 Most channels encrypted with PowerVU are high grade non-FTA channels. The only PowerVU network that is FTA is AFN (Armed Forces Network). It is the best known broadcaster that uses PowerVU: the American AFN channels on 13E, available to American Military Officers. Usually, those in the American military can get a receiver that decodes AFN, that’s the Scientific Atlantic PowerVU D9828, D9850, D9852, D9854 or D9858. The subscription is done through the military. scientific-atlanta-D9850

But our focus is not on PowerVU decoders, but how we can obtain live sports and entertainment channels that are scrambled using PowerVU encryption.

There are many TV networks encrypted with PowerVU and obtainable in Africa on C-Band frequencies. Some of these include:
Sony Entertainment TV — Intelsat 20 @68.5E (Sony Kix and Pix available for live matches. Tracking Frequency 4064 H 19850)

Sony Entertainment TV — IntelSat17 @66E (Tracking Frequency 3974 V 19850)

MTN Worldwide TV — NSS 47.5W (4163 R 9247); NSS 57.0°E (4147 R 9245); NSS 20W (4131 R 15404) (sports 24HD available for live EPL matches)

Skynews International — IntelSat 20 @68.5E
BBC&HBO — Apstar@ 76.5E
BWTV — NileSat 7W & Hotbird 13E.


All these channels are obtainable in various parts of Africa with dishes ranging from 90cm to 4m. In some cases, when 90cm, 1M or 1.8M dishes are employed, a scalar ring may have to be used along with a high gain C-Band LNB such as Pauxis PX-800 to make tracking easy and boost signal quality. Life is easier if you seek the services of a professional once you realize you are unable to install a CBand dish yourself.

A lot of information has been presented on various blogs and social media networks, either promoting some special kind of decoder that provides automatic PowerVu keys (autoroll keys) that provide constant access to these channels. Some of these decoders include the Gsky V3 and V6 models,Powervu-DECODER-GSKY-V6-SUPPORT-YOUTUBE-AND-IPTV
and the Alphabox. Alphabox-X4-HD-satellite-tv-receiver-Support-3G-WIFI-full-1080p-Receiver-DVB-S2-freesat-v7
While many would find it simpler to just purchase one of these boxes and enjoy TV on the go, the cost of these boxes has necessitated this article. Infact, some of these boxes cost as high as $150. It makes little sense that a strong decoder user would be forced to purchase another one of these decoders when PowerVU provides unlimited opportunities on strong decoders for TV lovers. Indeed with a simple patch to your existing strong firmware, you can upload all the PowerVu keys reqired to enjoy the channels you track at the various orbits indicated earlier.

To enjoy PowerVu channels, simply download and install this software
on your strong decoder (4920, 4922, 4922A). SRT 4950 users can use this software
SRT 4950E can also use this. Installing the appropriate software activates the PowerVU service on your strong decoder. dsc_0009
All the keys you will need to unscramble the various channels you track and wish to watch are obtainable right HERE. These keys are regularly updated and totally reliable. To input your PowerVU keys, press 8282 on your 4920 series decoders, or F1 8282 for 4950 series decoders, to bring up the BISS keys interface. Navigate through the various encryption services and locate PowerVU. Input the correct keys obtained from site provided above, and enjoy your premium sports and entertainment.

Hope this has been helpful. Be blessed.6d09a804ef598f6853b5b4d6a49499b1

Download the latest software for your ChampionTV decoder here. Tuesday, 10th November may be the last day for you to access ChampionTV without this important upgrade.

If you still experience problems after running this software, you may have to allow an OTA download on your decoder. To do this, simply select the ChamptionTV channel, and reboot the decoder. You will be prompted with an OTA download message to which you will respond Yes or allow. Your decoder would receive the software over the air, and restart. Your channels should be back up for your enjoyment


For all the adept football lovers, as you may already have heard, Champion TV is the latest satellite TV network that serves live-football broadcasting channels along with many other interesting Entertainment channels. Champion TV, headquartered in Ghana, is a leading provider of transmission solutions for Video and Audio. Champion provides an array of advanced solutions to broadcasters, Pay TV operators, and Free to air operators.

decoder 2

While providing these services, Champion Broadcasting operates a TV network across Africa and the Middle East known as Champion TV. This satellite TV network beams directly from the Yamal 402 satellite at 55 degrees East, with a Southern Beam that covers the entire Africa. There are over 15 Channels, including Top TV2, Redlight (Adult Channel) and Champion TV – which shows live football matches). Other channels available presently include TPA 1, TPA 2, CVV, Racing Yamal, LoveworldSat, among other interesting movie and news channels.
Below is a sample programme line-up on Champion TV channel


decoder 1

Champion ideally requires a dish size of about 85-90 cm to install. However, most people in certain parts of West Africa and the Middle East could still track and obtain the champion signal with smaller size dishes. Beginning from the 20th of August, new channels including the History Channel, Biafra and Boomerang will be tested for activation, while two new sports channels will be added very soon in addition to the champion TV channel, bringing the total number of sports channels to 3. These sports channels will be showing matches from the EPL, La Liga, French League, Serie A and the Champions League.

Unlike DStv, no subscription is required after installation. The principle is Install and Enjoy. Remember, you cannot watch Champion channels without a Champion decoder. Picture clarity is topnotch (+ Decoder is HD). You’ll definitely love it. It’s time to get yours now. We ship to any part of Africa, and our system is safe. Contact us today and get yourself a Champion Decoder for a beautiful viewing experience. We look forward to hearing from you.
decoder 3

Rhema Network Solutions

I endeavour in this article to identify some of the most common problems faced by laptop users, and to provide some steps that can be taken toward resolving these challenges. Though targeted at laptop users, others who use different types of computers are sure to find these tips helpful.

This may be due to a number of reasons. First of all, the production of heat can be the cause of computer shutting down unexpectedly. Some laptops automatically shut down when excessive heat is generated to protect the computer. Excessive dust can clog air vents or the cooling fan and deprive your system of cold air to cool off the CPU via the heat sink.
Heat Sink
heat sink

You can often solve overheating issues simply by cleaning out these air vents with a cloth or keyboard cleaner. You may also use a blower. If this doesn’t solve the problem, consider updating your laptop’s BIOS drivers. The installation files and guide can be found on the laptop manufacturer’s website.

distorted image
The screen may look distorted or some of the pixels may not display properly indicating damaged pixels. This may be due to a faulty video graphics processor (graphics card), or a connection problem. Connect laptop to an external monitor. If image is still blurry, the video card may be faulty, or may require an update of its drivers.
If problem is only on laptop screen and not on external monitor, problem may be with the video cable connection between your your laptop’s motherboard and the screen. Otherwise, test the screen separately to be sure the screen hasn’t developed its own problem. distorted image 2 You may also experience some dark, red or green spots on your screen. Red and green sports usually light up after a careful and gentle rub with a piece of cloth. Dark sports are permanent and signal a failed screen. In this case, you should get a replacement. darkspot


Sometimes some screens dim after a while, or go completely blank. This is indicative of a failed backlight. If the inverter or lamp at the back of the screen fails, the backlight will cease and then images cannot be displayed on the screen, or even if they are, they would appear very faint. Test to see if it’s a failed screen inverter or lamp, and get a replacement. Otherwise, get a new screen for the laptop.


Keyboards are not repairable if some keys are found not to be working. This could be due to a damaged FCC cable, or some water or beverage spillage on the keyboard. The only thing to do is get a replacement. Depending on the architecture of your laptop, fixing a new keyboard may be as easy as taking early morning tea, or a bit tiring due to the many maneuvers involved in getting the keyboard unseated. keyboard There is also the possibility that the non-functioning keys may still be unresponsive after replacing with a new keyboard. In this case, the problem is not with the keyboard itself, but on the board itself. A good technician may get a handle on this kind of problem, otherwise, you should look to purchasing a new motherboard or a new laptop.

This may be due to several factors including insufficient RAM allocation etc. To solve this, first of all ensure to execute defragmentation on our laptop. To this, navigate to your system drive, Right click and go to PROPERTIES. Select TOOLS and click on DEFRAGMENT NOW. You can also access the service by going to your start menu, select “accessories” and look in the Systems Folder. Select the appropriate drives and partition and run the analysis and defragmentation program. defrag
An effective way to increase you laptop’s boot time and performance is to remove unnecessary applications from your start up list. You can do this by pressing R while holding down the WINDOWS LOGO key. In the dialogue box that opens, type in MSCONFIG. A dialogue box will open. Go to start up and uncheck the boxes of all applications that you do not need at start-up of your laptop. You may also try installing additional RAM, increase your page file size or even use a ready-boost enabled Pendrive. To increase you virtual memory/page file size, simple go to control panel, select “system”, click on “change settings” Go to “advanced”, Select “settings” under Performance. Select “Advanced”, Go to Virtual Memory, uncheck “automatically manage paging file size” and increase the page file size.

crashSometimes, you hear very disturbing crackling noises coming from inside your laptop. Dust inside the cooling fan may be responsible, but if check the fan thoroughly and are convinced it’s not the cause, then the noise is most likely from your hard drive. This kind of problem usually signals a failing hard drive due to shock, vibration etc, and requires an immediate backup of all data and a replacement of the hard drive.


When your laptop fails to boot up because it reports a crashed hard disk, or says “operating system or hard disk cannot be found”, the problem may be a missing system file or a bad sector on the hard drive. To determine if that’s the case, you can remove your hard drive and place inside an external hard drive case. Connect this to a computer and see if it pops up as an attached external drive. If this is successful, run a disk check command on the drive to check it for errors. To do this, open a DOS prompt (Start/Programs/Accessories/Command Prompt) and typing in D: where D represents the drive letter of your external drive. Then hit Enter. Now type “chkdsk /f.” If you are asked to run a dismount, type Y and hit Enter. Your drive would be scanned, and any errors found on it will get fixed. An error report will print out, so you can see what changes were made to the drive. If all went well, you’ll be good to go once you plug the hard drive back into the crashed laptop and power it on.


Computer viruses, such as Trojan Sub seven and Trojan Y3K Rat, alter a drive’s directory structure and eliminate a user’s files upon opening. Other viruses, such as file infector and multipartite, overwrite files while maintaining the file names, causing the files to disappear from the drive. shortcuts Here’s how to deal with that:
Open a COMMAND PROMPT window by going to START–ACCESSORIES-COMMAND PROMPT (CMD). It is best if you open the command prompt with admin rights. Type CMD in Start menu search box and hit Shift+Ctrl+Enter. Alternatively, press WINDOWS LOGO KEY+R, and then type CMD in the dialog box that pops up. Type F: and press enter, where F represents the drive letter of the drive containing your files. The command prompt will change to this F:\>
Now type in this command exactly as provided here attrib -s -a -r -h /s /d *.* (remember to bring a space after each item) For the sake of clarity, ima repeat the command line in a sentence form F semicolon backslash greater-than sign attrib space negative s space negative a space negative r space negative h space forward slash s space forward slash d space wildcard dot wildcard cmd attrib
Hope you got it right there. Hit ENTER and wait for the system to execute the command. When this is done, you should see another display of the prompt like this F:\> which means the process is complete. Now type exit. Access your device again, and you should have your files and folders back on


noiseybeepSome laptops make an annoying repetitive beeping sound at start-up. This is particularly common with Toshiba laptops unfortunately. If it’s simply an issue of some keys stuck on the keyboard, this can be fixed easily by checking each key and attempting to pull them up gently with a pushdown tool or whatever you find convenient, or even replacing the entire keyboard. This could also be due to a dislodged or faulty CMOS battery on the motherboard that requires replacement. The problem is however more serious, when after unseating your keyboard and replacing a CMOS batter, the sound still persists. Likely a motherboard problem, that may or may not be repairable.


imagesIn this case, problem may be from the adaptor, power cable or motherboard. Check adaptor connector and power cables with a meter to be sure there is power.If both are ok, yet no led lights turn on, motherboard is most likely fried and requires replacement.




Corporate organizations may contact for servicing of IT equipment.

How To Enable And Load Cccam On Your Qsat Decoder

Okay, so there’s been a lot of talk about Qsat challenges ranging from stability and reliability during live matches, to number of channels available for viewing. Sometimes, cheap things bring us more stress. However, since the options for access to good tv programming in Africa remain few, the chinese technology opportunists will keep serving what the majority can afford.

The fact is, eventhough many know the reliability issues Qsat is saddled with, they still ignore CCcam and Oscam servers for avatarcam codes. Maybe the world of satellite technology enthusiasts and tv viewers is gradually but steadily waking up to the present recognition of the fact that a blend of the two is perhaps the only way to sustain a beautiful viewing experience in this present times.

So to get the whole package : Reliability, Stability and Complete Channel List, you have decided to get a cccam account to use on your Qsat. The intention here then is to show you how to enable cccam capability on your Qsat decoder, to give you access to all the benefits cccam users enjoy watching tv via dreambox, strong and openbox decoders.

Here’s what to do to access CCcam protocol on your Qsat :》

1. Press MENU On Your Remote.

2. Select SETTING

3. Navigate to XCAM SETUP ( Last Item On That Page. Can Be Found Just After SYSTEM)( If you dont find Xcam setup on this page, dont fret. The service is simply not active, and that’s not a problem . You can activate xcam by simply pressing 1512 Whiles on the SETTING page. Xcam menu will pop up).

After selecting Xcam in the previous step, the next page should present you with four items PATCH, SHARING, AVATARCAMHD and DQCAM. Now let’s move to the next step.

4. Select SHARING This where you are going to input information from your purchased CCCam account. Take note of what I’m going to say next. When you navigate to SERVER, PORT, USER and PORT, you have to press the RIGHT NAVIGATION BUTTON to bring up the onscreen keyboard for you to type in values. Also, After typing the correct values in each of the following sections, You MUST PRESS THE BLUE BUTTON on your remote to save what you typed, else you lose everything. While the onscreen keyboard is on, you can type special characters by PRESSING THE RED BUTTON on your remote control.

5. First Item is the SERVER NUMBER. Since this is your first cccam account, leave this at 1.

6. Then you have ACTIVE. This should be turned to ON.

7. Next item is PROTOCOL. Select CCCAM for the protocol.

8. Next you have SERVER. Here, type in server address/IP/url provided in your purchased account. E.g ( / / http:// **********

9. Now you have PORT. This is the relay network port of your server address. This should be a five digit number

10.Next Item is USER. Here input the username/UserID/LoginID provided In your account.

11.Now you have PASSWORD. Also provided by account supplier.

12. The last items include DESKEY and STATUS. Deskey is needful when protocol is MGcam or NewCam. Now You have entered all your values correctly. To connect the cccam, simply press the BLUE BUTTON on your remote control.

Before doing this however, you should have deactivated avatarcam, the inbuilt protocol Qsat uses to grant access to scrambled channels. To do this, simply move back one page from where you are, by pressing EXIT/BACK. Now select PATCH, and turn AVATARCAMHD from ON to OFF. When this is done, you can return to SHARING and connect your cccam.

Now, if your internet connection is ok, your purchased cccam is valid, and your input has been correctly done, the STATUS should indicate CONNECTED, which indicates you are good to go with viewing.

Using GPRS for CCCAM might not be the best, as you might not enjoy the kind of data packet flow that would keep your cccam working without breaks. I suggest you use a 3G/3.5G/3.75G/4G USB stick instead of a gprs direct simcard connection. Once slotted at the back or front of your box, Navigate to MENU>>> SETTING>>> ETHERNET CONFIG>>> 3G.
APN is usually Internet for most Service Providers, Dialcode is *99#. Save your settings and you would have an amazingly stable cccam viewing experience that you would relish. You can also use LAN CONNECTION if you have a wired fixed broadband internet. I Hope this article has provided you with enough information and you some help.

Should you need a stable, reliable and affordable CCcam Account as a reseller or End User, leave your comment here and I’ll contact you via your email so we can discuss. TV1 and Aone available.

Happy Christmas and a Fantastic New Year of New Technologies

CCcam is a a protocol that enables server/ client communications for the purpose of sharing digital electronic control strings that are used on some digital media platforms. It is a kind of cardsharing protocol, where “sharing” simply means the right to access digital packages by connecting to a CCcam cardsharing server via the Internet. The main function of such server is to transfer the encrypted channel codes over a network to computers(and other IP enabled devices) connected to that server. 

If you have at least a hundred channels, you might have realized not all are Free-To-Air. Some of them are obviously locked/scrambled/encrypted. And they are encrypted because you didn’t pay the satellite provider to make them available for your viewing pleasure. Now, your standard satellite receiver will show only those channels that you paid for, there’s no way it can decrypt (unlock) channels at no cost since it wasn’t designed to support cardsharing or run CCcam protocol software. But, there are other models of satellite receivers which are cardshare-capable and a lot of of them are available these days.

One of the most popular choices is the Linux-based satellite receiver called the Dreambox. Once you get yourself hands on one of those bad boys, hook it up to the PC, download and  install the CCcam computer software, configure it and run it. The most popular on the African continent however would be the Strong HD decoders, from Strong Techonologies Ltd. Qsat decoeers also support cccam. Whichever of these decoders you have, if you can correctly configure cccam on the decoder, you will be able to establish a connection with the CCcam cardsharing server of your choice.Your receiver will be communicating with the server which in turn will be sending you the decrypted channel codes and key strings, meaning that you will gain a full access to the satellite TV channels which were previously unavailable. The cardsharing server shares the decrypted information obtained through a valid satellite subscription card with other users who are connected to it. The amount of obtainable channels depends on the area you live in, the direction your satellite dish is pointing at and its size. 

Now, finding a CCcam Server is not difficult, there are several on the internet. But finding a reliable, stable, and cost effective cam service is not always easy. Finding a server that provides access to local channels on the African continent is what matters to most people. Perhaps, you have tried all kinds of servers, but remain eternally disappointed. Perhaps, you have heard of servers that don’t work like they are praised and advertised. Help has come to you.

The common thing in Africa is football. And every lover of football knows the networks that provide the best services. And you and I know the charges are sometimes crazy. If these networks were really thinking about the ordinary man and not the bourgeoisie in society, they would likely reduce the cost of watching tv and enjoying some little entertainment. It’s always a perfect thing to do, if you have the money and can subscribe to a satellite network monthly or yearly to enjoy all you favourite programs. That’s absolutely perfect.

If you however are not like the politicians, the businessmen and the highly placed executives in society, CCcam might just be the solution to all the difficulty in accessing good tv programming. The best server on the continent of Africa, TV1, is here to help you out. Maybe you have already heard about tv1, but are not sure it works. Well, I am telling you this day that, it is the most reliable, stable and maintained server you can find anywhere in Africa. Channel zapping is like never before. Are you ready for a new digital experience?

Send a message to the Kalunda team leaving a short comment expressing interest and let us sort you out if you are ready to enjoy some good tv this season.

Relevant comments and questions are welcome. If you wish to leave a comment on the page, be advised that under no circumstances should you leave your email address or phone in a comment. Pls note that you do so at your own risk. Once you leave your comment, we shall receive your email address and contact you via email.

Peace and Love



Greetings in the Name of the Lord Jesus Christ.

This beautiful morning, I endeavour to write on a vitally important but readily confusing subject for many technology enthusiasts and satellite hobbyists. A major predicate for this initiative  has been the numerous emails I have received about this subject, which I perceive are likely to even increase after this post, but all the same, I deem writing this article better than staying quiet on the matter forever.

vsat 1

vsat 1

Many people want to find out how they can browse for free using their satellite tv decoder at home. Indeed, in one of my most read articles Connecting your satellite decoder to the internet, a lot of readers misunderstood the purpose of the article, taking it to be a lecture on how to browse the internet free with a satellite tv connection. I replied numerous comments and emails in that regard, and yet the email flood doesn’t just seem to abate. Now that I am about clarifying matters about satellite internet, many internet scammers are very much unlikely to be happy, and yet this is for the general good of all who love technology and truth, and being a servant of God, it’s appropriate to expose deception of every kind and the wickedness of selfish characters on the internet using technical ambiguity to live off innocent individuals.

Before I say anything more, I state emphatically here that you cannot use an ordinary tv satellite dish and decoder to get internet connectivity. As a matter of fact, when we talk about satellite internet, we are actually referring to VSAT. Vsat stands for “Very Small Aperture Terminal”, which refers to the technology whereby data is sent and received via an antenna. The antenna size is typically 1.2m diameter for Ku-Band, or 2.4m diameter for C-Band. The difference between the two is the Frequency in which they operate. C-Band systems operate on a lower frequency (3-6 Ghz) and are therefore less affected by rain fade, however due to the size of the hardware they are more costly. Ku Band systems operate on a higher Frequency (12-14 Ghz), and allow for smaller antennas, but depending on the power of the satellite can be affected by bad weather conditions. But for satellite broadband, dish sizes ranging between 1.2m – 3.7m are used, and that’s to say a 60cm or 90cm dish will just not be used in implementing a satellite internet link.

That’s just one part of the treatise. Now, VSAT is deployed mostly in very remote areas where only satellite installations would be the most convenient internet implementation with the lack of fast broadband for fast and secure data transmission. To install a VSAT, you would necessarily need the following :

  • A satellite antenna capable of transmitting and receiving data.
  • A BUC (Block Up Converter) for transmitting.
  • An LNB (Low Noise Down Converter) for receiving.
  • Coaxial Cable from the antenna to the indoor modem.
  • A satellite Modem capable of receiving and transmitting data such as E-mails etc.

An ordinary satellite tv dish does not have a BUC, only an LNB, which is capable of only receiving datagrams. That is also to say that, your tv dish, being an LNB-only setup, can only receive digital data, but cannot send. Internet however requires both an uplink and a downlink (send and receive), so that’s clear enough. Besides, dedicated satellite modems used for satellite internet links aren’t  the normal ADSL modems available on the market. A typical satellite modem looks something like this:

satellite modem

satellite modem

I provide a second image of a connected satellite modem to help you understand that this isn’t the normal modem/router you know.



By now I am sure you are beginning to get an idea what it takes to set up a satellite internet link. Like I mentioned earlier, an LNB cannot transmit data to a transponder on a satellite, it can only receive data streams for onward transmission into the modem for final decoding of the data packet. To be able to transmit data via a satellite dish to a satellite up in the sky and effectively communicate over the internet, you would need a BUC bucThis is always attached to a Ku or C band LNB attached to the dish/ satellite bowl. Small as it may seem to your eyes, this is the transceiver that can actually enable you to transmit whatever data you wish to a satellite up in the sky, and get it forwarded to other networks and nodes. An ordinary satellite tv dish doesn’t use, and just doesn’t support the use of a BUC, and that is why you cannot establish any form of internet connection using your small dish at home to get an internet connection. It is likely you have seen Banks and other corporate organisations using satellite internet with dishes like this :

RhemaNetworks  2

RhemaNetworks 2

This is the kind of setup that gives you satellite broadband connectivity, not your DStv, Mytv or MulitTV Ku / C band LNB dishes.

My dear friend, many scammers are out there taking advantage of the lack of adequate information on some of these matters, and duping unsuspecting individuals. I have taken time this morning just to help you understand the processes and hardware configuration involved in getting satellite internet at home or at the office. If inspite of all I have said, you still fall victim to an internet scam about using your tv dish to browse the net for free, that would be most unfortunate. There’s nothing like free browsing with satellite decoders. When you sign up for VSAT, you have to purchase a subscription, and you pay just as you would for fixed or mobile broadband. An eternal mental conditioning and desire to get everything free isn’t the best for  a technology enthusiast. So don’t get yourself into any free satellite internet cloud.

I am very happy I have been able to post on this, and may it bring versatile enlightenment to many. Relevant questions and comments are always welcome.

God bless us all.

Prince Kay

Rhema Network Solutions

Linksys Wireless Router

Linksys Wireless Router

Greetings in the Name of the Lord Jesus Christ in whom alone is Life.

My resolve to write on this very topic is predicated on my present recognition and awareness of  common difficulties many , both novices and even some networking professionals have experienced in setting up simple Local Area Networks, Access Points attached to such networks, and even how to bridge multiple wireless routers in the same network to ensure that they can communicate flawlessly. While this may seem simple, very simple mistakes can keep one gagged in frustration, spending hours and days on end chasing the wind. In this writeup, I intend first to show you how you can set up an Access Point or Wireless Hotspot on an already installed LAN at home or at work. Then I would talk about how to effectively secure you network without using passwords(which by far is the best way), and then finally, I would show you how you can connect(Bridge) two or more wireless routers in your local network.

Now, in this article, we would mostly be using the terms ‘Wireless Router’ and Access Point interchangeably. At this point however, It is vitally important to recognize that there is a bit of difference between the two in terms of hardware, but they do share technical convergence with regards to functionality. Generally, wireless routers seem more common, and are often cheaper in terms of price than wireless access points, and just like wireless routers, Wireless Access Points (APs or WAPs) are specially configured nodes on wireless local area networks (WLANs). Access points act as a central transmitter and receiver of WLAN radio signals. Access points used in home or small business networks are generally small, dedicated hardware devices featuring a built-in network adapter, antenna, and radio transmitter. Access points support Wi-Fi wireless communication standards just like wireless routers do.

Access Point

Access Point

Whichever you choose to purchase, configuring it to work within your wired network is what matters most.

So, let’s look at how to add an access point to a wired network already in place, or to one where the main NAT router is provided by your ISP. The new wireless router/access point you wish to add to the network needs to be configured to use an IP address that’s valid within your network range or subnet. The following are a breakdown of the steps to follow to add your wireless router to the existing network.

Step 1: Find the IP address of your existing Wired router. You need to find the internal IP address of your existing modem/gateway/router that connects your network to the internet. Under Windows, the easiest way to do this is drop to command prompt (Start > Run > type: cmd) and type: ipconfig

In this example, my ISP-provided router, otherwise termed the Default Gateway is set to My client computer is at Screenshot_1
The “IP address” line in the above figure shows your computer’s IP, while the “Default Gateway” is your main existing router that provides your internet connection. It is usually in the 192.168.x.x range.
You need to connect one of its Ethernet/LAN ports to the existing wired router used for the LAN.

Step 2: Connect to your router administration interface to find the DHCP range
By default, LAN clients are usually set to obtain their IPs automatically. What that means is, the router acts as a DHCP server, and serves IP addresses automatically as and when required, to the client computers. You need to find the range of IP addresses used for DHCP so you can later set your access point to use an IP address outside that range (but on the same subnet).
Login to your gateway’s admin interface using the ip address provided by the manufacturer usually by typing its IP address(usually located at the side or bottom of the router) in your web browser, and find the DHCP range. In this example, the DHCP range is from to Screenshot_2

Step 3: Connect a computer to the wireless router/AP

You need to connect a computer  to the new wireless router to be used as an access point by using a network cable.

– set your client computer to obtain its IP automatically which is actually the default behaviour in Windows)

connect it to a LAN port on the access point using a Cat5 network cable

You should get an ip address for your client PC. If it doesn’t happen, reboot the router or use the “ipconfig /renew” command in Command prompt to force it to get an IP address from the access point

Log into the admin page of the access point, and remember you can find it’s IP address just as you did for your main wired router earlier.Now simply type the IP address of the router in your browser’s address bar.

Step 4: Configure the wireless router / AP

After you log into the admin interface of the wireless router, you need to do two things. First, you need to change its internal/LAN IP address to an unused address in the same network as all your other LAN devices. Second, you need to disable the DHCP server on your new AP, so there is only one DHCP server on the network. In my case, my main LAN router is set to, and it is serving dynamic IP addresses via DHCP in the range – I have to use any other address in the 192.168.1.x range for the access point. So for my new wireless router/access point, I would use as its IP address(notice that the address is within the 192.168.1.x network, and has 25 as its identifier, a value that is outside the DHCP range of my main router 100 – 200).Besides, I’ve disabled DHCP, so it will not interfere with the DHCP server from my main router. It is important to have only one device acting as a DHCP server, and that the IP address of the access point is in the same range as the main router, else both devices can’t communicate with each other.

Step 5: Connect the AP to the LAN

It is time to connect the reconfigured wireless access point to the network. Use a LAN port on the new wireless router, and connect it with a Cat5 network cable to one of the LAN ports of the existing gateway. Make sure not to use the “Internet/WAN” port on the wireless access point!

Connect your client computer to another LAN port of the main router (if you do not reboot, you will have to use “ipconfig /renew” in command prompt to obtain an IP address from your router just like you did earlier this lab)

Step 6: Test if admin page is reachable and secure the AP

Now that the new wireless access point is connected to our network, with a correct IP address in the same range and outside the DHCP range, we can test whether it’s reachable, and secure the wireless connection.
In the above example, I configured the wireless AP to use Its administration interface should be reachable by typing this IP address in the browser.
Once connected, it is time to set the wireless security:
Use WPA2 if both your access point and clients support it. Set a strong key, and remember it – clients will need this to be able to connect to the wireless network. Try not to use WEP encryption – it can be cracked easily. The best way however to protect your wireless network is to create an access list or WLAN MAC filter, whereby only computers and devices whose MAC address are listed on the access-list can access the wireless network.

Step 7: Test the AP wireless connection

Start a wireless client and make sure it properly connects to the network. It should pull an IP address automatically from your existing main router (the DHCP server). If it opens a webpage, your setup has been successful. Done, you now have a wireless access point

Step 8 : Adding an additional wireless router to boost signal and extend network range

It’s always the case that most wireless routers and access points do not provide wide range wireless signals, and therefore it’s almost always necessary to extend the range of such a network.
To do this, an additional 1 or more wireless routers need to be introduced in the network. Now, to extend the range of wireless signals from your existing access point which you just configured using steps 1 through 7, you are going to have to change the ip address of your new additional wireless router ( call it Access Point 2) to an address within same network but outside the DHCP pool, just like you did for the Access Point 1 a while ago. When this is done, you would have to navigate to the WLAN(wireless LAN section on your AP 2, and change the mode of operation of the wireless router to WIRELESS BRIDGE, REPEATER, CLIENT or whatever name is provided by the routers Manufacturer. The common ones are what I just provided. Screenshot_3

At this point, you must know the MAC address of the AP 1 you intend to connect your AP 2 to. Additional settings that you must ensure are correct include the CHANNEL, ENCRYPTION TYPE, AND SSID. These settings on your AP2 have to be the same as what you have set on the AP1, else the connection would fail. The name of the wireless on AP1 that’s broadcast must correspond with that on the AP 2 you are now configuring. Same applies to the Channel number, the Channel width and the Authentication and Encryption on the AP1. Remember that, your AP 2 must have it’s original IP changed to an address that’s valid in the main LAN, outside the addresses served by the DHCP server(main wired router), and also ensure that the Default Gateway is set to correspond with the IP address of the main router through which connection to the internet is established. When this is properly done, you should have a beautiful network with multiple Access Points, hotspots and AP range extenders working in perfect harmony.

PS: I have received hundreds of emails seeking further indices with regards to my previous post Connecting Your Digital Satellite Decoder to the Internet. It appears to me that many misunderstand the purpose of the article, which was intended to enable persons with strong decoders to connect the decoder to the internet and access pre-installed web applications including YouTube, Weather, Maps etc. Most responses I have received indicate that, quite a number of folks misunderstand the post to be about how to browse the internet free using satellite. I’d like to reiterate that, the mentioned post has nothing to do with satellite internet (V-sat) commonly used by banks and large corporations to aid in Wide Area Networking implementations. The article only explains how to get your LAN-port enabled decoder to connect the internet and have access to what the decoder provides under entertainment. Mostly, this is termed IPtv( meaning using the internet to enjoy programs on a satellite decoder). I hope this update would clarify things to all readers and subscribers who have found difficulties understanding some of the procedures postulated in the post Connecting Your Digital Satellite Decoder to the Internet.

If this article has been informative enough for you, please leave a comment and post any questions you may have.
Jesus is Lord!!

Prince Kay
MD, Rhema Network Solutions

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